All beeswax used in our products is certified organic and locally produced.
Beeswax must be one of the most misunderstood cosmetic ingredients. Some people immediately call to mind a picture of a heavy and very solid wax when thinking of beeswax. This is incorrect and beeswax has very wonderful properties when correctly used and included in skin care formulas.
Primitive people knew and used beeswax as an antiseptic and for wound healing. It works well in cosmetic products because of compounds called 'wax esthers' that exist in both beeswax and human skin. This hydrating pure natural skin care ingredient increases skins essential moisture keeping skin naturally moisturised.
People with acne sometimes incorrectly think that it is a comedogenic ingredient (an ingredient that promotes the formation of acne and pimples), whereas it actually has an irritation potential of zero, and a comedogenicity rating of 0-2, which means that when it is properly used it will NOT promote the formation of acne or pimples.
When formulated and used correctly in cosmetic formulations, beeswax will not cause a problem or clog the pores, but instead bring a host of very positive attributes, such as healing and antiseptic properties, as well as emollient and softening qualities to a cosmetic product.
General information on beeswax
The honeybee (Apis Mellifera), secretes beeswax to build the walls of the honeycomb. When wax is secreted by the bee it is a transparent colourless liquid, which turns into a semi-solid substance on contact with the atmosphere. It is purified from its raw state by freeing it of solid impurities through melting and centrifugation.
Compounds found in beeswax
Provitamin A (carotenoids), Vitamin B-1 (thiamine), Vitamin B-2 (riboflavin), Vitamin B-3 (niacin), Vitamin B-5 (panothenic acid), Vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine), Vitamin B-7, Vitamin B-8, Vitamin B-9, Vitamin B-12 (cyamoco balamin), Vitamin C (ascorbic acid), Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin H (biotin), Vitamin K, Choline, Inositol, Folic Acid, Pantothenic Acid, Rutin, Vitamin P (nicotinicamide) .
Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Copper, Potassium, Magnesium, Manganese, Silicoa, Sulphur, Sodium, Titanium, Zinc, Iodine, Chlorine, Boron, Molybdenum.
Enzymes & Coenzymes
Disstase, Phosphatase, Amylase, Catalase, Saccharase, Diaphorase, Pectase, Cozymase, Cytochrome systems, Lactic dehydrogenase, Succinic dehydrogenase.
Fats & Oils
Fatty Acid, Hexadecanol, Alpha-amino butyric acid.
Caproic (C-6), Caprylic (C-8), Capric (C-10), Lauric (C-12), Myristic (C-14), Palmitic (C-16), Palmitoleic (C-15), Uncowa, Stearic (C-18), Oleic (C-18), Linoleic (C-18), Aracidic (C-20), Benemic (C-22), Limolenic (C-18), Eicosanoic (C-20), Brucic (C-22).
Proteins, Globulins, Peptones & Amino Acids
Tryptophan, Leucine, Lysine, Isoleucine, Methionine, Cystine, Thresonine, Arginine, Phenylalanine, Histidine, Valine, Glutamic acid, Tyrosine, Glycine, Serine, Proline, Alanine, Aspartic acid, Hydroxyproline, Butyric acid.
Gums, Pentosans, Cellulose, Sooronine, Starch, Sucrose, Levulose, Fructose, Grape sugar, Reducing Sugars.
Nucleosides, Auxins, Brassins, Gibberellins, Kinins, Vernine, Guanine, Xanthine, Hypoxalthine, Crocetin, Zeaxanthin, Lycopene, Hexodecanol, Alpha-Amino-Butyric Acid, Monoglycerides, Deglycerides, Triglycerides, Peutosaus
Waxes, Resins, Vernine, Guanine, Xanthine, Hypoxanthine, Nuclein, Amines, Lecithin, Glucoside of Isorhanetin, Glycosides of Quercetir, Selenium, Nucleic Acids, Flavonoids, Phenolic Acids, Tarpenes and many other as yet unidentified nutrients.
Bees create propolis by collecting a resinous sap from trees and then mixing it with wax back at the hive. Chemically, propolis is exceedingly complex and contains a rich variety of potent terpenes and benzoic, caffeic, cinnamic, and phenolic acids. It is also high in flavonoids, which by themselves may account for many of the benefits attributed to propolis. Some researchers refer to propolis as a type of flavonoid.
Propolis acts against viruses, which antibiotics do not. A number of medical journal reports have discussed the role of propolis in fighting upper respiratory infections, such as those caused by the common cold and influenza viruses (Focht J, Arzneimittel-Forschung, Aug. 1993;43:921-3). Other investigators have reported that the cinnamic acid extracts of propolis prevent viruses from reproducing, but they worked best when used during the entire infection (Serkedjieva J, Journal of Natural Products, March 1992;55:294-302).
Underpinning many of the benefits of propolis is the fact that some of its components, such as flavonoids and ethanols, function as antioxidant free-radical scavengers. A study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology (Jan. 1994;21:9-13) noted that some of the antioxidant phenols in propolis functioned similarly to vitamin E. In another article, researchers described that propolis had anti-inflammatory properties and that it could also prevent blood clots (Drugs Under Experimental & Clinical Research, 1993; 19:197-203).
Palm oil comes from a tall, solid palm tree native to Nigeria where it is found in the wild. Today it is commonly grown in the East Indies, Brazil and other areas near the equator.
"The discovery [of palm oil] could make the ingredient a useful alternative to treat a host of skin care conditions such as eczema, dermatitis or acne that can often permanently scar or damage the skin," Musalmah Mazlan, study leader on the effects of palm oil, University of Kebangsaan, Malaysia
Our organic palm oil is supplied by a member and sponsor of the Round Table on Sustainable Palm Oil, a worldwide organisation of palm growers, refiners and importers who are committed to sustainability. To find out more click here
Palm oil and tocotrienol
Palm oil is the largest natural source of tocotrienol, part of the vitamin E family. Palm oil is also high in vitamin K. According to studies carried out at the University of Kebangsaan, palm oil has several potent healing and protecting qualities, as explained below.
Anti-cancer and tumour suppressant
- Palm based tocotrienols have shown to inhibit human breast cancer cells irrespective of estrogen receptor status.
- Delta-tocotrienol was found to be the most effective tocotrienol in inducing apoptosis (cell death) in estrogen-responsive and estrogen-nonresponsive human breast cancer cells.
- Confers anti-cancer properties.
- Inhibits tumor growth of certain cancers.
- Alpha-tocotrienol and gamma-tocotrienol have shown to prolong the life span of cancer-infected mice.
- Gamma-tocotrienol is three times more potent in inhibiting growth of human breast cancer cultured cells than Tamoxifen.
Potent natural super-antioxidant
- Alpha-tocotrienol has been shown to be 40 - 60 times more potent than alpha-tocopherol as an antioxidant in the prevention of lipid peroxidation.
- Delta-tocotrienol is the most potent antioxidant (highest antioxidant potency) of all commercially available tocotrienols and has been shown to be the most effective tocotrienol in inhibiting human breast cancer and liver cancer cells.
- Effective antioxidant in the prevention of protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation after strenous exercise for athletes, joggers and body builders.
Anti-aging / cosmetics and personal care
- Preferentially accumulates at the strata corneum of the skin. First line of defense against free radicals generated in the skin by UV/ozone rays. Prevention of skin aging and damage by oxidative rays. Being a more potent antioxidant, the tocotrienols neutralise free radicals at a faster rate and hence protect tocopherols.
- Protection against UV-induced skin damage and skin aging.
- Tocotrienols topically applied onto the skin were found to penetrate rapidly through the skin and the highest concentrations are found in the uppermost five microns.
- Tocotrienol-treated skin contained vitamin E at concentration 7-30 fold higher than control values.
- Tocotrienol augments the efficacy of sunscreens containing compounds that reduce penetration of or absorb ultraviolet radiation.